What are these things?
Why they’re goldfish teeth! Goldfish don’t possess teeth in the front of their mouths like some fish do, but rather have them set back in the mouth near the throat (called the pharyngeal arch). These are called pharyngeal teeth and they help break down food materials. Pharyngeal teeth are in one row and are somewhat molarlike, but narrow and smooth edged, without extensive grinding surfaces1 When you see your goldfish chewing food these are what they’re using! They come in lots of different shapes and sizes, and are constantly being replaced and regrown. They look a bit like ours don’t you think?
Fasciated daisy — Fasciated stems are produced due to abnormal activity in the growing tip of the plant. Often an abnormal number of flowers are produced on affected stems. Normal branches may arise from fasciated stems. Fasciation is unpredictable and is usually limited to a single stem. It seldom recurs the following year.